WHEN DO THE 1260 DAYS BEGIN AND END (Da 7:25, Da 12:7, Rev 11:2, 3, Rev 13:5)?

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During the 1800’s the Watchtower claimed this was prophetic of 1260 years. Now it is said to be a period of days that correspond approximately to 1260 literal days.

There have been at least 11 teachings, spanning 9 different periods of time.

Source Begins Ends Duration
Zion’s Watch Tower Apr 1880 538 AD 2/15/1798 AD 1260 years
Zion’s Watch Tower 1898 Sep 1 and 15 539 AD 1799 AD 1260 years
Zion’s Watch Tower 1915 Aug 1 325 AD or 539 AD 1585 AD or 1799 AD 1260 years
Watchtower 1929 Dec 15 1 Oct 1914 1 Apr 1918 1278 days
Light 1 (1930) 7 Nov 1914 7 May 1918 1277 days
Watchtower 1951 1 Oct 1914 1 Apr 1918 1278 days
Finished Mystery (1969) 4 Oct 1914 26 Mar 1918 1269 days
Incoming World Government (1977) 28 Dec 1914 21 Jun 1918 1271 days
Revelation Climax (1988) 28 Jul 1914 Early 1918
Watchtower 1993 Nov 1 pp.9-10 Dec 1914 21 June 1918
Kingdom Ministry Sep 2006 p.5 Dec 1914 Jun 1918

As the 1260 days do not line up exactly with any relevant, literal time period of importance to the Watchtower, numerous adjustments have been made, most not even 1260 days. These have related to:

  • Papal Rule
  • World War One
  • The End of the Gentile Times
  • The arrest of Rutherford
  • The sentencing of Rutherford

CAN RESURRECTED ONES MARRY?

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Women may be turned into men – Golden Age 1930, April 2. P. 446 Bible Questions and Answers

Whether the identity of the sexes, as such, will be preserved, we do not know. There have been some well authenticated instances in which women have been transformed into men, and it is possible that this transformation may become general and we shall all be brothers together.

NO – The Watchtower 11/1/1938 p. 325 para.10

Under this Scriptural rule all those who were in the marriage relationship before dying will, if brought back in the resurrection, come forth as unmarried persons. Such will be subjected to the will of “the Everlasting Father”, Christ Jesus, who ministers life to all, as God commands. (Rom. 6: 23) It is the right and privilege of the Everlasting Father” to arrange or not arrange marriage for such awakened ones as it pleaseth him.

The divine rule is for the father to arrange for the marriage of his children. There is no plain Scriptural evidence, however, that those who are awakened out of death will marry and bring children into the world.

YES – 1943 “The Truth Shall Make You Free” p.362 – 364

[Evil ones] will not come forth [in the resurrection] to take part in the divine mandate [filing the earth], because that will have been completed by the Lord’s “other sheep”.

NO – The Watchtower 10/15/1950 p. 381 “Be Fruitful, Multiply, Fill the Earth”

Nor will the resurrected multitudes be privileged to do so, for Jesus plainly stated that such will not marry nor be given in marriage

Even survivors won’t marry – The Watchtower 9/15/1954 p. 575 Questions From Readers

After that final test there will definitely be no marrying or being given in marriage then by those counted worthy of the new world and having the right to eternal life, just as angels have that right

YES – The Watchtower 9/15/1954 p. 575 Questions From Readers

It is even reasonable and allowable to entertain the comforting thought that those of the other sheep who now die faithful will have an early resurrection and live during the time when the procreation mandate is being fulfilled and when paradise conditions are being spread earth-wide and that they will share in this divinely given service.

NO – The Watchtower 10/1/1956 p. 601 par. 9 ‘He That Marries Not Does Better’

She died single, and that without the hope of enjoying married life in God’s new world after she is resurrected from the dead.

NO – The Watchtower 11/15/1961 p. 704 Questions From Readers

…for dead ones with spiritual, heavenly hopes and for dead ones with earthly Paradisaic hopes the rule enunciated by Jesus Christ stands unaltered: “In the resurrection neither do men marry nor are women given in marriage”

NO – The Watchtower 10/15/1967 p. 638 Questions From Readers

Jesus’ words apply to the earthly resurrection, and they indicate that those resurrected will not marry or be reunited in a marriage relationship with former mates.

YES / MAYBE – The Watchtower 8/1/1914 page 29-30, questions from readers

“Could Jesus be referring only to the heavenly resurrection?” “It is possible”

WHERE DO THE GREAT CROWD ‘RENDER SERVICE’?

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— Four reasons why it IS ‘in the court of the gentiles’
The Watchtower 8/15/1980 p. 15 The “Great Crowd” Renders Sacred Service Where?

The Greek word na·os’ refers often to the inner sanctuary representing heaven itself
● It was the entire temple (na·os’) that had been 46 years in the building
● It was the entire temple (na·os’) that was destroyed as a judgment from God
● It was from the courts of the outer temple (na·os’) that Jesus drove the money changers

(Note: See above for proof this is false)

● It was in the outer temple (na·os’) that Judas threw back the 30 pieces of silver
HENCE it is consistent that the “great crowd” serve God in the earthly court of the spiritual temple

— Five reasons why it is NOT ‘in the court of the gentiles’
The Watchtower 5/1/2002 p. 30 Questions From Readers

In times past, it has been said that the great crowd is in a spiritual equivalent, or an antitype, of the Court of the Gentiles that existed in Jesus’ day. However, further research has revealed at least five reasons why that is not so.

CAN WE TRUST VAT 4956 (ARCHAELOGICAL TABLET)?

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NO – Awake! 5/8/1972 p. 28 When Did Babylon Desolate Jerusalem?

So, because of the problems inherent in Ptolemy’s Canon and “VAT 4956,” it takes more faith to accept them than it does to accept the Bible’s testimony.

YES – The Watchtower 11/1/2011 p. 27 When Was Ancient Jerusalem Destroyed?—Part Two

Clearly, much of the astronomical data in VAT 4956 fits the year 588 B.C.E. as the 37th year of Nebuchadnezzar II. This, therefore, supports the date of 607 B.C.E. for Jerusalem’s destruction—just as the Bible indicates.

WHO DO JW’S BELIEVE THE “ALPHA AND OMEGA”OF REVELATION 22:12 REFERS TO?

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Jesus – Light (1930) p. 268

Jehovah – The Watchtower 1/1/1953 p. 31

Jesus – The Watchtower 7/1/1955 p. 387

An angel (speaking for Jehovah) – Awake! 6/8/1966 p. 28

Jehovah – The Watchtower 11/15/1967 p. 680

Jehovah – Awake! 8/22/78 p.28

Jesus – The Watchtower 10/1/78 p.15 ( A major change in just 2 months!)

Jehovah – Revelation Grand Climax (1988) p. 316 para. 6

Jehovah – The Watchtower 12/1/1999 p. 19

Jesus – The Watchtower 12/15/2003 p. 21

Jehovah – The Watchtower 1/15/2009 p.30

IS ISAIAH 11:6 (“LIONS WILL EAT STRAW”) LITERAL OR FIGURATIVE?

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Literal – The Watchtower 10/15/1950 p. 399 – Questions From Readers

If that outstanding carnivorous animal, the lion, is to “eat straw like the ox”, surely no others will be meat-eaters.

Figurative – The Watchtower 4/15/1967 p. 240 par. 12 – The Benefits of Mankind’s Millennium

these formerly divided peoples cultivate and display the peaceful Christian spirit toward one another, instead of beastliness. This was prefigured in the following Messianic prophecy…

Literal – The Watchtower 5/1/1970 p. 267 par. 8 – Keep Close in Mind “The Conclusion of the System of Things”

Even the animals will be peaceable… In fact, the scripture at Isaiah 11:6-9 pictures a wolf and a lamb living together peacefully.

Both Literal and Figurative – The Watchtower 4/15/1971 p. 245 par. 21 How “Restoration of All Things” Is Made

The beauty of that peace and harmony, besides now fulfilling the further words of the prophet Isaiah in a spiritual sense, will become more concrete in a literal fulfillment of those same prophetic words, which we read in Isaiah 11:6-9…

Literal – w71 2/15 p. 106 Family Study a Blessing

teacher called the mother, who through a friend explained the child’s desire to play with a lion in Paradise.

Figurative – Man’s Salvation book (1975) p 191/2

here these potentially harmful animals must be used as illustrations in the prophecy

Both Literal and Figurative – The Watchtower 10/1/1975 p. 607 par. 13 Flight to the True Kingdom Refuge

The harmless relationship between beast and man that will then prevail will correspond with the description of Isaiah 11:6-9, which has already found its fulfillment in the spiritual paradise now enjoyed by Jehovah’s Christian witnesses.

Figurative – The Watchtower 2/15/1976 p. 127 Isaiah—A Book Overflowing with Good News!

In Jehovah’s spiritual paradise today persons who formerly had dispositions like a wolf, a leopard, a lion or a bear have become docile.

Literal – The Watchtower 10/1/1977 p. 592 – Changing Personalities in Kenya’s Paradise

in God’s new order, it can be expected that even the most vicious of the wild animals will be tamed, to live at peace alongside mankind

Figurative – The Watchtower 10/15/1979 p. 9 – What Blessings on Earth During the Millennium?

Irenaeus recognized that these words are a fitting description of how God’s truth can make personality changes in “savage men”.

Both Literal and Figurative – The Watchtower 1/15/1980 p. 14 par. 22 God’s Government—Mankind’s Only Hope

Even today persons with animalistic tendencies, by applying God’s Word in their lives, are learning to live at peace with others. God’s Word indicates that, under Kingdom rule, even the animals will live in peace

Literal – The Watchtower 4/15/1981 p. 5 Origin of the Millennial Hope

The lamb will not dread the wolf, nor will the leopard harm the kid (xi. 8 [6]); that is, as the following verse explains, tyranny and violence will no longer be practised on God’s holy mountain

Figurative – The Watchtower 12/15/1983 p. 15 Do You Remember?

This is a foretaste of how humans will live together peacefully on this earth in a physical Paradise during the Thousand Year Reign of Christ Jesus

Both Literal and Figurative – The Watchtower 12/1/1983 p. 31 Questions From Readers

“It would be inconsistent for God to inspire such a prophecy as that of Isa 11:6-9, Eze 34:25 and Hos 2:18 to have only a figurative or spiritual meaning and not have a true copy of these things in actual life…”

Literal – The Watchtower 11/15/1983 p. 30 par. 18 Abound in Hope!

…why, “even the lion will eat straw just like the bull,” as no doubt it did in Eden…

Figurative – The Watchtower 10/1/1983 p. 7 Can You Enjoy a Paradise Now?

there is only one force in the universe that can cause people to make such drastic changes in their disposition.

Literal – The Watchtower 10/1/1983 pp. 4-5 Can You Enjoy a Paradise Now?

This would restore the Paradise conditions that existed in the garden of Eden when animals and humans lived in that garden in perfect harmony.

Figurative – The Watchtower 1/1/1985 p. 14 par. 20 Unified In Publishing the Word of Jehovah

It is illustrated at Isaiah 11:6-9, which tells of the spiritual paradise now existing among Jehovah’s restored people…

Literal – The Watchtower 11/15/1988 p. 6 The New World—Paradise Regained!

Think of children able to play safely with animals now so dangerous.

Figurative – The Watchtower 6/1/1988 p. 7 Why Some Have Changed Their Religion

People with personalities formerly as different as sheep are from wolves are now getting along peaceably in the Christian assembly.

Literal – The Watchtower 11/15/1989 p. 13 par. 16 Do All Things for the Good News

she showed me Isaiah 11:6-9 about animals living in true peace

Figurative – The Watchtower 10/1/1992 p. 19 par. 19 The Messiah’s Presence and His Rule

the subjects of his Kingdom are learning to live peaceably together, fulfilling Isaiah 11:6-9

Literal – The Watchtower 12/1/1996 p. 15 par. 1 – Youths Who Remember Their Creator

Then I dream about how beautiful Paradise will be in the future and about how I can touch the animals then.

Figurative – The Watchtower 2/15/1996 p. 25 Spreading Bible Truth in Portugal

Truly a case of ‘the wolf residing with the lamb’!

Both literal and Figurative – The Watchtower 7/15/1998 p. 6 What Future Do You Want for Your Children?

Try to envision the grand fulfillment of this prophecy: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.” (Isaiah 11:6) Even today, the spiritual security described in these words has a figurative fulfillment…

Figurative – The Watchtower 9/15/2001 p. 18 par. 11 Jehovah’s Blessing Makes Us Rich

This “fruitage of the spirit” is part of “the new personality” that Christians put on in place of any rapacious, beastlike traits they may formerly have displayed.

Literal – The Watchtower 11/15/2003 p. 6 You Can Believe in a Paradise Earth

Animals will pose no danger to man.

Figurative – The Watchtower 4/1/2003 p. 19 par. 18 Mildness—An Essential Christian Quality

The Bible likens this transformation to the change of vicious wild beasts—wolf, leopard, lion, bear, and cobra—to peaceful domestic animals—lamb, kid, calf, and cow.

Literal – The Watchtower 1/15/2003 p. 6 Has Evil Won?

Their peace will not be threatened from any source—human or animal.

Figurative – The Watchtower 11/1/2004 p. 7 Who Is the Right Leader for Today?

Those men who today attack others like voracious lions or who act like ill-tempered bears toward their neighbors will have changed their dispositions completely.

Literal – The Watchtower 10/1/2004 p. 6 “The Meek Shall Inherit the Earth”—How?

They will enjoy peace even with the beasts of the field.

Figurative – The Watchtower 5/1/2004 p. 8 par. 1 Be Courageous Like Jeremiah

JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES dwell in a spiritual paradise.

Literal – The Watchtower 9/1/2007 p. 7 “Written for Our Instruction”

What a beautiful prospect!

Figurative – The Watchtower 5/15/2008 p. 28 Pursue “Holiness in God’s Fear”

Figuratively speaking, people who are violent and aggressive in action and speech are compared to wild beasts.

Literal – The Watchtower 9/15/2012 p10

So we should not be surprised when we read in the Bible that peace will come to prevail between humans and animals. (Read Isaiah 11:6-9; 65:25.)

WERE THE “VAST MIXED COMPANY” IN A COVENANT RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD?

MosesYES – The Watchtower 11/1/1967 p. 650 par. 6 – “Let God Arise, Let His Enemies Be Scattered”

In the third month thereafter the Israelites and the “mixed crowd” reached Mount Sinai, and there Jehovah God made a national covenant or contract with them.

YES – The Watchtower 9/1/1972 p. 529 par. 11 – Help from On High

all such temptations come upon Christians today who are also in covenant relationship with Jehovah, since they are the antitypes of those ancient peoples, the natural Israelites and the “vast mixed company.”

UNSTATED – The Watchtower 3/15/1982 p. 19 par. 16 – Loyalty to “the Kingdom of Our Lord and of His Christ”

No less a degree of loyalty must be proved today by that class of dedicated, baptized persons who were prefigured by the “vast mixed company” who left Egypt with the Israelites and who were present at the making of the Law covenant at Mount Sinai.

NO – The Watchtower 3/15/1983 pp. 8-9 – Who Should Partake?

It is noteworthy that there was a vast mixed company of non-Israelites who escaped from Egypt along with the Israelites. Although they enjoyed benefits as a result of this covenant they were not included in it.

NO – The Watchtower 2/1/1998 p. 11 par. 13 – Jehovah Is a God of Covenants

When Jehovah made his covenant, it was only with Israel; those of the “vast mixed company,” although present, were not named as participants.