Who have Jehovah’s Witnesses historically identified as the prophetic “Gog of Magog”?

Russia – The Watchtower, June 1880 p.107

“Also the xxxix chapters of Ezek., after speaking of trouble with Gog – Russia – after their return, and dwelling in the mountains of Israel; gives the purpose for which it is all brought about; …”

A demon prince – The Watchtower, June 15, 1932 p. 179 Para 7 “GOG AND MAGOG”

The prophecy therefore seems to relate to the satanic organization of the earth, the chief part of which is Big Business, and also to other parts of that organization under the supervision of Gog, the prince of the Devil’s organization

Satan’s Field Marshall – His Vengeance (1934) p.47

Satan has appointed a chief representative for his organization, and his name is Gog.

A spirit ruler but not a demon prince – The Watchtower 10/01/53 Para 6

Hence the suggestion of twenty years ago that Gog was an eighth demon prince is now seen to be without proof. However, that suggestion was leading us in the right direction for locating Gog, namely, in the spirit world and not in the visible earthly, human society. Therefore Gog still represents, not a visible human ruler or nation, such as Russia, but a spirit ruler.

Satan – The Watchtower 12/1/1954 p. 733 par. 22 Never Fighting Illegally or Quitting Worldwide Preaching

Jehovah is using us, his witnesses, therefore, by our fighting for freedom to preach world-wide, as bait for the Devil, named Gog in the book of Ezekiel.

A coalition of nations – The Watchtower 5/2015 Questions From Readers

When we compare all these Scriptural references about the final attack on God’s people, it becomes evident that the name Gog of Magog refers, not to Satan, but to a coalition of nations.


1102005133_univ_cnt_1_xlYES – The Watchtower 9/15/1955 p. 569 par. 28 Part 2—What Do the Scriptures Say About “Survival After Death”?

Satan the Devil tried to induce Jesus to perform a levitation to mystify the Jews and win them over at the temple of Jerusalem. On a temple battlement the ruler of the demons said to Jesus: “If you are a son of God, hurl yourself down from here…”

NO – The Watchtower 3/1/1961

…we must reasonably conclude that Satan did not literally, bodily, physically, take Jesus ‘along into the holy city’ and station him ‘upon the battlement of the temple.’

NO – Awake! 10/8/2000 p. 19 “Extreme Sports”—Should You Take the Risk?

likely in a vision, the Devil tempted him to throw himself off the battlement of the temple

WE DON’T KNOW – The Watchtower 3/2016 p. 32

Put simply, we cannot be certain whether Jesus actually stood in the temple or he did so only by means of a vision.