Who have Jehovah’s Witnesses historically identified as the prophetic “Gog of Magog”?
Russia – The Watchtower, June 1880 p.107
“Also the xxxix chapters of Ezek., after speaking of trouble with Gog – Russia – after their return, and dwelling in the mountains of Israel; gives the purpose for which it is all brought about; …”
A demon prince – The Watchtower, June 15, 1932 p. 179 Para 7 “GOG AND MAGOG”
The prophecy therefore seems to relate to the satanic organization of the earth, the chief part of which is Big Business, and also to other parts of that organization under the supervision of Gog, the prince of the Devil’s organization
Satan’s Field Marshall – His Vengeance (1934) p.47
Satan has appointed a chief representative for his organization, and his name is Gog.
A spirit ruler but not a demon prince – The Watchtower 10/01/53 Para 6
Hence the suggestion of twenty years ago that Gog was an eighth demon prince is now seen to be without proof. However, that suggestion was leading us in the right direction for locating Gog, namely, in the spirit world and not in the visible earthly, human society. Therefore Gog still represents, not a visible human ruler or nation, such as Russia, but a spirit ruler.
Satan – The Watchtower 12/1/1954 p. 733 par. 22 Never Fighting Illegally or Quitting Worldwide Preaching
Jehovah is using us, his witnesses, therefore, by our fighting for freedom to preach world-wide, as bait for the Devil, named Gog in the book of Ezekiel.
A coalition of nations – The Watchtower 5/2015 Questions From Readers
When we compare all these Scriptural references about the final attack on God’s people, it becomes evident that the name Gog of Magog refers, not to Satan, but to a coalition of nations.